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Post-War Independence Notes India/ South Africa
The eras of post-war independence in India and South Africa have comprised of several political/ economic changes that have paralleled and contrasted each other. South Africa and India correspondingly experienced population bombs, ethnic conflicts, governmental instabilities, and other social transformations. However, considering the distinctiveness between the nations, Africa and India using diverse methods of organizing their post- war governments consisting of unique leaders, and comprising of different dates of total independence.
Delayed plans for economic and political development
Rise of feminism- promises of equal opportunities and rights in employment, property-ownership, and education made to active female protestors in previous independence movements.
Sexism continued. Societies remained patriarchal using tradition/ religion to justify the degradation and strict societal roles of wives and mothers for women
Post- war ambition- promotion of economic enlargement
The Population Bomb- a result of decreased factors in war and starvation, importation of global products, and modern transportation.
Resistances to birth-control strategies to control population; male virility and child birth acted as signs of social status.
Due to increasing population rates- mass urban numbers, pollution, and increasingly delicate eco-systems
Ethnic conflicts as the consequence of European lined territories
1947- India incised all colonial ties with British powers
1990- The whole of Africa was free from European forces
Africa’s independence movement leader- Kwame Nkrumah
India’s leader- Jawaharlal Nehru
Charismatic Populists and One-Party Rule
South Africa: The Apartheid State and Its Demise
Africans turned to guerrilla resistance during the 1960s
All forms of African protest were illegal
India originally encompassed a large population before its growth boom, while Africa initially had a low populace, higher birth and mortality percentages produced a larger population.
Indian Alternative- reformation from socialism and state involvement
World Historic Content:
India and Pakistan win their independence in 1947
1950- India launches a five-year economic development plan
Ghana (1966) Nkrumah is overthrown by a military coup.
1975- End of the Vietnam War
Several tasks in the development of post-Independence civilizations. Both South Africa and India faced similar handicaps in their political and economic developments, such as communal strife, urban squalor, and inabilities in employment opportunities. However, these resemblances did not take away the societies’ individualities, as India’s state tried to reform their governments through socialism, while the corrupted political rule in Africa led to illegal protests and a postponed total independence. Nevertheless, it can be concluded that both countries faced countless struggles and alterations as consequences of their movements towards achieving independence.